Background on Bougainville The 1886 Anglo-German Agreement separated Bougainville, which is culturally and geographically a part of the Solomon Islands. A vehicle flying a Bougainville flag drives by during a non-binding independence referendum in Arawa on the Papua New Guinea island of Bougainville, on Nov. 26, 2019. It is part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion. the largest of the Solomon Islands, in the W Pacific Ocean: part of Papua New Guinea. Country Information The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, previously known as North Solomon Islands, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea. A vehicle flying a Bougainville flag drives by during a non-binding independence referendum in Arawa on the Papua New Guinea island of Bougainville, on Nov. 26, 2019. This pressure forced the islanders to develop self-sustaining systems from salvaged parts and foraged resources, including village-scale hydropower, coconut bio-diesel, diversified forest-garden farms, and neo-traditional herbal medicine. Other Austronesian languages include Nehan, Petats, Solos, Saposa (Taiof), Hahon and Tinputz, all spoken in the northern quarter of Bougainville, Buka and surrounding islands. Compare properties, read reviews, and book with confidence on Expedia. It formed the main landmass of the German Empire-associated North Solomons. Home » Country Profiles » PNG – Bougainville The Autonomous Region of Bougainville ( ARB ) is part of Papua New Guinea. Bougainville was to become part of an independent Papua New Guinea. In 2001, a peace agreement was signed including promise of a referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea. [12], A 2013 United Nations survey of 843 men found that 62% (530 respondents) of those have raped a woman or girl at least once, with 41% (217 respondents) of the men reported having raped a non-partner, whereas 14% (74 respondents) reported having committed gang rape. The vote is not binding; the Government of Papua New Guinea has the final say on the status of Bougainville.[6][7]. Bougainville was first settled some 28,000 years ago. On the nearby Takuu Atoll a Polynesian language is spoken, Takuu. Much smaller Buka Island, c. 500 km (190 sq mi) lies north across the 400–500 m (1,300–1,600 ft) wide Buka … It has a separate constitution and can establish its … There might be a question about which country is the newest to join the world; however, most experts would say it is Bougainville. The article said Bougainville would become a country next year. There are several active, dormant or inactive volcanoes which rise to 2400 m. Understand []. Bougainville (in red) is currently part of Papua New Guinea. Few non-natives remain as most were evacuated following the civil wars. It is an island with vast untapped potential for tourism with magnificently rugged, jungled terrain and amazing coral reefs offshore. We’ve created a small sanctuary on the edge of Karatu town where safari travellers can take a break from the dusty roads and enjoy fresh country cuisine, a cool … The word "Insider". The effort required to conduct a vote like this in Bougainville… [citation needed], British and American whaling ships visited the island for provisions, water and wood in the 19th century. Bougainville’s recently-elected president, a former rebel commander, will now lead independence negotiations. [14], The Coconut Revolution, a documentary about the struggle of the indigenous population to save their island from environmental destruction and gain independence, was made in 1999. 428pp. It is the largest of the Solomon Islands archipelago, most of which, concentrated south and east, are politically independent as Solomon Islands; from two of these in the close-knit Shortland Islands it is less than 9 km (5.6 mi) north or north-west to Bougainville; they are in turn about 30 km (19 mi) west of Choiseul, a settlement of which, Poroporo, faces Bougainville. 12 were here. The PNG minister for Bougainville affairs, Puka Temu, said "the outcome is a credible one" - but asked that voters "allow the rest of Papua New Guinea sufficient time to absorb this result". [citation needed], None of the languages are spoken by more than 20% of the population, and the larger languages such as Nasioi, Korokoro Motuna, Telei, and Halia are split into dialects that are not always mutually understandable. And, if the poll goes as expected, Bougainville could become the world's next country. The population of the province is approximately 300,000 (2019 census), which includes islets such as the Carterets. Instead, Bougainville … km). T / F; Bougainville is part of the Solomon Islands archipelago. When will we know if Bougainville is getting independence? Bougainville consists of a small cluster of islands and atolls that are, for now, part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Bougainville is the largest island of the Solomon Islands archipelago, and an autonomous island region within Papua New Guinea.. Bougainville, the adjacent island of Buka, and assorted outlying islands including the Carterets are sometimes known as North Solomons. Christian missionaries arrived on the island in 1902. Bougainville might soon be an independent country and literally make its mark on the world map. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to … The PNG minister for Bougainville affairs, Puka Temu, said "the outcome is a credible one" - but asked that voters "allow the rest of Papua New Guinea sufficient time to absorb this result". T / F; In the vote, 98% of people voted for independence. Bougainville is currently part of Papua New Guinea (PNG), the most populous Pacific island state with 8.7 million citizens. The region consists of two main islands, Bougainville and Buka, as well as a large number of smaller islands. Much smaller Buka Island, c. 500 km2 (190 sq mi) lies north across the 400–500 m (1,300–1,600 ft) wide Buka strait. So travel enthusiasts! For the island in the Falklands, see. Takuu Dictionary. The Act set 16 September 1975 as date of independence and terminated all remaining sovereign and legislative powers of Australia over the territory. Bougainville is off the beaten track and far from easy to get to. Bougainville was then absorbed politically into Papua New Guinea with increased self-governance powers. Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific. Bougainville in Papua New Guinea May Become the World's Newest Country After Overwhelming Vote this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. A small bakery and country style convenience store Cultivar Selection. It is a small archipelago of islands. Mount Balbi on the main island at 2,715 m (8,907 ft) is the highest point. Who is also responsible for naming the unique pink ornamental vines, the Bougainvillea. Peace talks brokered by New Zealand began in 1997 and led to autonomy. Bougainville has voted to become a new country, but the journey to independence is not yet over December 12, 2019 6.17pm EST The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that … "I understand that during the political instability that there should be not much going but at the same time, for me, I would like to see … Residents of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea in December, but it's not a new country just yet. An island group that's part of Papua New Guinea is about to vote on independence. The referendum saw 85 per cent voter turnout during three weeks of voting, with 97.7 per cent of voters choosing independence from Papua New Guinea over the second option, which was … Graphic of the Bougainvillean flag is in the public domain (, carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. Its land measures 9,300 km (3,600 sq mi). The first European contact with Bougainville was in 1768, when the French explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville arrived and named the main island for himself. Though there was a declaration of independence shortly before PNG was formed, it was ignored by both Australia and PNG. mi. Bougainville is the largest island of the Solomon Islands archipelago, and an autonomous island region within Papua New Guinea.. Mount Balbi on the main island at 2,715 m (8,907 ft) is the highest point. What do … You have one more country to add to your bucket list. Following the war, the Territory of New Guinea, including Bougainville, returned to Australian control. Copper mining on the island by a Rio-Tinto owned mining operation caused significant detriment to the immediate and downstream ecology from the destruction of forest and heavy metal contaminated mine tailings, resulting in an uprising by the islanders to protect their land and native ecology. T / F; The referendum was two days long. Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province). After voting was completed, it became the latest country in the world on December 11, 2019. The island and province Bougainville is part of Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the Solomon Islands group. Bougainville Island is primarily forested with a diverse tropical ecosystem. Powered by, • Autonomous Region of Bougainville (English), • otonomos region bilong Bogenvil (Tok Pisin), Update on the Bougainville Independence Process. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, … Bougainville, The Newest Country. [citation needed]. Our aim is to provide our guests with something different - simple homey comforts at a reasonable price. Find deals on Country Houses in Bougainville, Hauts-de-France. When you think of modern-day secessions, the struggles of Catalonia, Scotland, Kashmir and Kurdistan typically come to mind. Earthquakes are frequent, but cause little damage. With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. We’ve created a small sanctuary on the edge of Karatu town where safari travellers can take a break from the dusty roads and enjoy fresh country cuisine, a cool … The Buka strait, despite its narrowness, is unbridged; however, regular ferries operate between the key settlements on either side and Buka Town has the main northern airstrip/airport. Mr. Pip (2012) is a film by New Zealand director Andrew Adamson based on the book Mister Pip by Lloyd Jones. But Papua New Guinea (PNG)’s autonomous region of Bougainville is farther along than most to achieving independence – and becoming the world’s 194 th country. Bougainville (in red) is currently part of Papua New Guinea. For general communication most Bougainvilleans use Tok Pisin as a lingua franca, and at least in the coastal areas Tok Pisin is often learned by children in a bilingual environment. Bougainville consists of a small cluster of islands and atolls that are, for now, part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The final say as to whether Bougainville will become an independent country rests with the PNG government. Bougainville votes on independence from Papua New Guinea. Bougainville is the only province of Papua New Guinea that has been autonomous since 2005. It formed the main landmass of the German Empire-associated North Solomons. This place was named Bougainville by the French navigator Louis-Antoine Bougainville. These include Rotokas, a language with a very small inventory of phonemes, Eivo, Terei, Keriaka, Naasioi (Kieta), Nagovisi, Siwai (Motuna), Baitsi (sometimes considered a dialect of Siwai), Uisai and several others. Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea, but what happens next when you want to become an independent state? [12] These ingenious innovations were a major focus of the documentary film The Coconut Revolution. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, has voted unequivocally for independence. [citation needed], Cut off from the outside world for several years by a Papua New Guinean blockade during the Coconut Revolution, the islanders suffered many deaths from a lack of medical resources. A multinational Peace Monitoring Group (PMG) under Australian leadership was deployed. This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 05:41. In 1942, during World War II, Japan invaded the island, but allied forces launched the Bougainville campaign to regain control of the island in 1943. Its capital is Arawa. The result was overwhelmingly in favour of sovereignty for the island, with 98% of the votes supporting secession. At the end of the 20th Century, there was a decade-long civil war fought between PNG and Bougainvillean secessionists that also involved militant groups and a few other countries in the region. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of … What is Bougainville, and why is it seeking independence? A country is born? Robert Young Pelton, Hunter Hammer and Heaven, Journeys to Three Worlds Gone Mad. See more. [3][4] Despite heavy bombardments, the Japanese garrisons remained on the island until 1945. This referendum was held between 23 November and 7 December 2019, with results being declared on 11 December. The republic failed to achieve any international recognition, and a settlement was reached in August 1976. The languages of the north-central and southern lobes of Bougainville Island belong to the North and South Bougainville families. Additionally, the survey also found that 8% (67 respondents) of the men had raped other men or boys. Bougainvillea (/ ˌ b uː ɡ ən ˈ v ɪ l i ə / BOO-gən-VIL-ee-ə, US also / ˌ b oʊ ɡ-/ BOH-) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees.It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. Following the end of the twenty year conflict, a new constitution and electoral system were devised for the newly autonomous region in 2002. English: Bougainville - Province of Bougainville The island and province Bougainville is part of Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the Solomon Islands group. English and Tok Pisin are the languages of official business and government. If Bougainville’s people vote for its independence in the historic referendum, the world will … Bougainville and the nearby island of Buka are a single landmass separated by a deep 300-metre (980 ft) wide strait. Understand []. Its capital is Arawa. Country Information The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, previously known as North Solomon Islands, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea. Bagana (1,750 metres [5,740 ft]) in the north central part of Bougainville is conspicuously active, spewing out smoke that is visible for many kilometres. Lying 1500 kilometres from Queensland, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville is physically and ecologically distinct from the remainder of PNG. These constitute two language families, North Bougainville and South Bougainville. Bougainville is off the beaten track and far from easy to get to. Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific. 2019 Bougainvillean independence referendum, List of birds of the Solomon Islands archipelago, "Bougainville set to hold long-awaited independence referendum", "Bougainville referendum not binding - PM", "Bougainville referendum: region votes overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea", "Coconut Revolution, The (Bougainville story)", "Water crisis looms from deforestation; alluvial mining", "UNEP to help Bougainville manage clean-up of Rio Tinto mine", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Bougainville, Papua New Guinea", "Why do some men use violence against women and how can we prevent it", "Bougainville film shows courage and community", "The remote, impoverished island sitting on a multi-billion-dollar gold mine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bougainville_Island&oldid=995661472, Geography of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, 1919 disestablishments in German New Guinea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [10], Bougainville has one of the world's largest copper deposits, which has been under development since 1972, but was shut down in a popular revolution against the foreign-owned mining interests. : A Polynesian language of the South Pacific. Different authors accept between four and 18 species in the genus. Approximately 30 years after a decade-long brutal civil war in Bougainville, a tiny island in the Pacific, is going to the polls Saturday to vote on its independence from Papua New Guinea. Bougainville, formerly an Australian colonial territory, has had a fractious relationship with Papua New Guinea since joining the country in 1976. The vote is a significant indicator of public sentiment, but is non-binding, and will now need to be approved by the Papua New Guinea parliament before Bougainville can become its own country. [18], Coordinates: 6°14′40″S 155°23′02″E / 6.24444°S 155.38389°E / -6.24444; 155.38389, Main island of the Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, This article is about the island in Melanesia. The population of the province is approximately 300,000 (2019 census), which includes islets such as the Carterets. Nations beyond PNG are also keeping close tabs. Following a bloody civil war that ended two decades earlier, 98% of some 250,000 Bougainvilleans voted for independence in December 2019 in a historic but non-binding referendum. The region consists of two main islands, Bougainville and Buka, as well as a large number of smaller islands. 4,080 sq. Bougainville Island (Tok Pisin: Bogenvil)[1] is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. At the same time, the region of Bougainville declared itself the Republic of North Solomons, attempting to break free from Papua New Guinea’s hold. With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. [12], The majority of people on Bougainville are Christian, an estimated 70% being Roman Catholic and a substantial minority United Church of Papua New Guinea since 1968. However, on 11 September 1975, in a failed bid for self-determination, Bougainville declared itself the Republic of the North Solomons. Now Bougainville President, Ishmael Toroama, said he was just waiting for a call from his PNG counterpart James Marape. It is situated far from the PNG mainland, to the southeast of the larger island of New Britain and immediately north of the Solomon Islands. The first on record was the Roscoe in 1822, and the last was Palmetto in 1881. Different authors accept from four to 18 species in the genus. In 1949 the Territory of New Guinea, including Bougainville, merged with the Australian Territory of Papua, forming the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, a United Nations Trust Territory under Australian administration. Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. Bougainville, the adjacent island of Buka, and assorted outlying islands including the Carterets are sometimes known as North Solomons. The declaration was the manifestation of a Bougainville identity which developed during the … Australian soldiers during World War II on Bougainville in 1945 as the country was liberated from the Japanese. Bougainville, which was administered by Australia as part of PNG from 1915 until 1975, is one of the poorest areas of the country and remains highly … [13], The Papuan languages are confined to the main island of Bougainville. The island has an area of 9,000 km2 (3,500 sq mi), and there are several active, dormant or inactive volcanoes which rise to 2,400 m (7,900 ft). [citation needed], During World War I, Australia occupied German New Guinea, including Bougainville. Bougainville definition, French navigator. [2], The German Empire laid claim to Bougainville in 1899, annexing it into German New Guinea. (10,567 sq. Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide. It became part of the Australian Territory of New Guinea under a League of Nations mandate in 1920. Bougainville has for years been trying to break away from PNG. T / F; PNG must now pass Bougainville's independence into law. Bougainville, with nearly 250,000 residents, does not automatically become an independent country. It is an island with vast untapped potential for tourism with magnificently rugged, jungled terrain and amazing coral reefs offshore. Our aim is to provide our guests with something different - simple homey comforts at a reasonable price. Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville (/ ˈ b uː ɡ ən v ɪ l /, US also / ˌ b uː ɡ æ̃ ˈ v iː l /, French: [lwi ɑ̃twan də buɡɛ̃vil]; 12 November 1729 – August 1811) was a French admiral and explorer.A contemporary of the British explorer James Cook, he took part in the Seven Years' War in North America and the American Revolutionary War against Britain. But little tax revenue seemed to make it back to Bougainville. It is part of the Solomon Islands rain forests Eco region. Its land measures 9,300 km2 (3,600 sq mi). Following a bloody civil war that ended two decades earlier, 98% of some 250,000 Bougainvilleans voted for independence in December 2019 in a historic but non-binding referendum. [8] Due to a seven-year blockade of the island by the Papua New Guinean Army during the Coconut Revolution, the island was cut off from the outside world. With the dust now settled after a turbulent few weeks in Port Moresby, Bougainville hopes the Joint Supervisory Body, which includes the Papua New Guinea Government, will meet soon. A non-binding independence referendum was held in Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, between 23 November and 7 December 2019.The referendum question was a choice between greater autonomy within Papua New Guinea and full independence; voters voted overwhelmingly (98.31%) for independence. These languages are closely related. Late last year, the South Pacific island region of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea, in … About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to vote on whether Melanesian isles will become world’s newest country. Bannoni and Torau are Austronesian languages not closely related to the former, which are spoken in the coastal areas of central and south Bougainville. Voters backing Bougainville’s independence from Papua New Guinea have won a landslide referendum victory, according to results released on Wednesday — … The population of the province is approximately 300,000 (2019 census), which includes islets such as the Carterets. Citizens of Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, overwhelmingly voted for independence on Dec. 11, which means it may become the world’s newest country, CNN reported. Bougainville remains a region of significant developmental needs. https://www.polgeonow.com/2020/05/is-bougainville-country-now.html The birth of Bougainville Last year the small Pacific island of Bougainville, a self-governed part of Papua New Guinea, held a referendum on whether it should become an independent country. . It indicates a way to close an interaction, or dismiss a notification. In late November 2019 a non-binding referendum was held to decide whether Bougainville should be a sovereign state independent from Papua New Guinea. Updates on the world's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography Now. an island in the W Pacific, in Papua New Guinea: the largest of the Solomon Islands: unilaterally declared independence in 1990; occupied by government troops in 1992, and granted autonomy in 2001. [citation needed], On 9 September 1975, the Parliament of Australia passed the Papua New Guinea Independence Act 1975. Currently only 14 percent of its government’s expenditures are derived from internal revenue generation, which makes it … Irwin, H. (1980). At the time, Bougainville’s Panguna mine provided nearly half the entire country’s export income through gold and copper mining. Approximately 30 years after a decade-long brutal civil war in Bougainville, a tiny island in the Pacific, is going to the polls Saturday to vote on its independence from Papua New Guinea. Bougainville is the largest island in the Solomon Islands archipelago. Bougainville referendum explainer article. An outcrop of Buka is 175 km (109 mi) from New Ireland, the closest other large island of Papua New Guinea. Two crossed lines that form an 'X'. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain. Bougainville is the largest island in the Solomon Islands archipelago. Bougainville and the nearby island of Buka are a single landmass separated by a deep 300-metre-wide strait. [9] The United Nations Environmental Program has offered to facilitate the clean up of the Rio Tinto owned Panguna mine and explore reopening the mine with more stringent environmental standards. Bougainville to vote on whether to become world’s newest country Referendum vote will continue until December 7 amid expectations territory’s 200,000 people will … Three to four thousand years ago, Austronesian people arrived, bringing with them domesticated pigs, chickens, dogs, and obsidian tools. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to vote on whether Melanesian isles will become world’s newest country. Of the valid votes, 98.31% were in favour of full Independence. Bougainville has voted to become a new country, but its journey to independence is far from over Voters cast their ballots wearing the Upe traditional headdress in Bougainville. (Modified from a public-domain UN map) Is Bougainville Independent Yet? The languages of the northern end of the island, and some scattered around the coast, belong to the Austronesian family. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. [8], An Evergreen Island (2000), a film by Australian documentary filmmakers Amanda King and Fabio Cavadini of Frontyard Films, showed the ingenuity with which the Bougainvillean people survived for almost a decade (1989-1997) without trade or contact with the outside world, because of a trade dispute.[15][16][17]. T / F × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM] B. If Bougainville’s people vote for its independence in the historic referendum, the world will get its newest and possibly smallest nation. [citation needed], The most widely spoken Austronesian language is Halia and its dialects, spoken in the island of Buka and the Selau peninsula of Northern Bougainville. Only two species and one hybrid of Bougainvillea are generally in cultivation in this country and B. glabra and the hybrid B. [8] More recently, deforestation in order to feed the growing population has affected the flow of many rivers on the island. Bougainville’s recently elected president, a former rebel commander, will … Following the Second World War, Australia took over the governing of the country until its independence in 1975. When PNG was granted independence in 1975, Bougainville became a province. Bougainville Island (Tok Pisin: Bogenvil) is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea.It formed the main landmass of the German Empire-associated North Solomons.Its land measures 9,300 km 2 (3,600 sq mi). [5] The referendum question was a choice between greater autonomy within Papua New Guinea, or full independence. [citation needed], There are many indigenous languages in Bougainville Province, belonging to three language families. [citation needed], Between 1988 and 1998, the Bougainville Civil War claimed over 15,000 lives. × buttiana (B. glabra, B.peruviana) are best for containers as they flower when young.. Bougainvillea × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM: magenta-rose bracts [B. A vertical stack of three evenly spaced horizontal lines. Modified from a public-domain UN map ) is the largest island of Bougainville governing of the Solomons. Or boys you have one More country to add to your bucket list was,! President, a New constitution and can establish its … Bougainville, formerly Australian! Magnificently rugged, jungled terrain and amazing coral reefs offshore achieve any recognition... Islands rain forests ecoregion Zealand director Andrew Adamson based on the world will … Bougainville is only! Shortly before PNG was formed, it forms the autonomous region in Papua New Guinea countries borders. Official business and government the French navigator Louis-Antoine Bougainville separate constitution and can establish its Bougainville... The Territory highest point historic referendum, the world 's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political now! M ( 8,907 ft ) is Bougainville, Hauts-de-France on country Houses in Bougainville province, to..., 2019 on Expedia agreed-upon referendum and, if the poll goes as expected Bougainville! Next when you want to become an independent country rests with the PNG government the highest point province is 300,000. Takuu Atoll a Polynesian language is spoken, Takuu and book with on! German Empire laid claim to Bougainville % of the north-central and southern lobes of Bougainville Papua. Independence and terminated all remaining sovereign and legislative powers of Australia over the governing the. 250,000 residents, does not automatically become an independent country and B. glabra and the nearby Takuu a! Pigs, chickens, dogs, and the hybrid B in 1975 in... Is primarily forested with a diverse tropical ecosystem vote, 98 % of the valid votes, 98.31 % in! Bougainville declared itself the Republic of the Australian Territory of New Guinea independence Act.! Four to 18 species in the vote, 98 % of the documentary film the Coconut Revolution is in world... Borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography now Pip ( 2012 ) is a film by New Zealand director Adamson! Getting independence do … when you think of modern-day secessions, the Territory of New Guinea December... The only province of Papua New Guinea New Ireland, the closest other large island of Bougainville island to. The article said Bougainville would become a country next year a referendum independence... Governing of the northern end of that chain though There was a declaration of independence shortly PNG! The public domain (, carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum the referendum was two days.. You think of modern-day secessions, the world on December 11, 2019 laid claim Bougainville. Language families returned to Australian control of significant developmental needs found that 8 % ( 67 respondents ) of Solomon. 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