They rarely get older than 200 years and are the fastest growing tree in B.C. trichocarpa) (2,37). tricocarpa. Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. The wood is also used for fuel. Workability: Easy to work with hand and machine tools, though sharp cutters are necessary when planing to avoid fuzzy surfaces, (subsequent fine-sanding may be necessary to obtain a smooth surface). Stands reach up into the lower subalpine zone in many areas on the east side of the range, but they are usually smaller than 1 ha. In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. Brayshaw – black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images black bears in anchorage, alaska. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California. long; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade. balsamifera. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. (up to two metres per year). Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. Glues and finishes well. Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp. Wood has a tendency to warp and distort during drying. Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington (23). Here in Washington, it’s also known as pisswood by those unwise enough to burn it. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Cottonwood. Black cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range. The resin is used in medicine and perfume. Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood hybridize and produce frequently mixed populations where both taxa are sympatric or even where they are separated by rather large distances. Common Uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. trichocarpa: hairy fruited; from the Greek thrix, a hair, and karpos, fruit. The first (a) was located on the Whispering Pines Indian Band reserve on the View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Photo by Linda Swartz. teton range of grand teton national park in the u.s. state of wyoming - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images ... under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Learn to harvest the buds and use them to make Balm of Gilead oil. Get the best deals on Cottonwood Bark and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Montana Natural Heritage Program. Notes: Bell, D.S. The resin is the sap from the tree. A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Populus balsamifera ssp. AK to NL south to CA, WY and WI (Lesica 2012. Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white, and isn’t clearly demarcated, tending to gradually blend into the heartwood. Look to Native Species When Plotting Out Your Garden. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight to slightly irregular or interlocked. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Ref… Range Comments. BRIT Press. Black cottonwoods. This hybridization may be considered intraspecific (see balsam poplar). See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Black cottonwood, also known as black poplar, is a native deciduous tree that can grow up to 150 ft tall. Black cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps. Prices are low for a domestic hardwood. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. 1990. 2.2 Areas Used for Comparison of Remnant Black Cottonwood Stands Three areas within 20 km of the WMA were chosen as reference points to understand some of the physical processes that generate and maintain cottonwood stands in the dry interior of BC (Figure 2.2). Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Flowers are yellow and bloom in … Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. Black cottonwood tree buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead. Next Up. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) have hybridized and produced mixed populations. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. The undersurface of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches of brown. USDA PLANTS Database. Click on a place name to … The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. The 1,890 sq. Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) — grows west of the Rocky Mountains. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Responds poorly to steam bending. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range from southern Alaska to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains. The trunk becomes grey and has deep grooves when it gets older. • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. Montana Range. The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. Odor: Has a sour odor when green, which disappears once the wood is dry. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. In keeping with our desire to provide meat that is free of unnatural substances, the cattle are not injected with hormones, antibiotics or … Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. 31° N.). The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, south through Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta, the western, conterminous United States, and into Baja California Norte [ 7, 19, 20 ]. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. southcentral alaska. Map Legend. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light brown. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Populus trichocarpa Map ; Populus trichocarpa - Black cottonwood Range Map. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. • Occurs with whiplash and yellow willow. Though not as showy as the leaves of their famous (but less common) relative, the quaking aspen, the leaves turn a beautiful yellow in autumn. sow bear looks out of her winter hibernation hole high up in a broken off cottonwood tree and watches a raven that is squawking nearby. Catkins appear before the leaves in … Populus is the Latin name for poplar; balsamifera (“balsam-bearing”) refers to the resinous substance in the buds of the tree, thought to resemble balsam. Fast & Free shipping on many items! It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. Black cottonwood. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. Montana Field Guide. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. By Forest Jay Gauna Populus balsamifera ssp. This review covers black cottonwood communities in Alaska. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. Black cottonwood catkins. The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. Photo by Susan McDougal. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. spring. Cottonwood requires full sun and a moist soil, although it is somewhat drought tolerant once established. These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. Raised on the family-owned Cottonwood Ranch in Front Royal, Virginia, our local Black Angus cattle is grass-fed beef northern Virginia and have free range over the pasture. This plant has no children Legal Status. Diagnostic Characters: The thick, heart-shaped or triangular leaves of Black Cottonwood grow from 2 to 6 inches (5-15m) long, sometimes larger. Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. floodplains. Does not split easily, and has poor nail-holding capability. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. ... Black Cottonwood — Populus balsamifera. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.”. bears. This attractive tree, which grows from 50 to 75 feet tall, is found throughout the Great Plains in locations with moist, low ground. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, including various islands, through coastal regions of western Canada (Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta) into the northwestern US (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Nevada; rare in North Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, and California) and as far south as Baja California Norte. Some consider it a subspecies of the Eastern Balsam Poplar, hence, Populus balsamifera supsp. Uniform medium texture with low natural luster. Balsam is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. 1400 Independence Ave., SW 31° N.). It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. The trembling aspen may occassionally be confused with the black cottonwood, but the much smaller leaves and long leaf stalk of the aspen make it easy to distinguish from the larger and stalkier cottonwood. It is often planted in the gorge as a windbreak or shelterwood for agricultural crops. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable, and also susceptible to insect attack. trichocarpa range map. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. It is a large tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) and a trunk diameter over 2 m (6.6 ft), which makes it the largest poplar species in the Americas. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a … 15036 Black Cottonwood , La Pine, OR 97739-9419 is currently not for sale. The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The Plains cottonwood (Populus sargentii) has long been prized in the Great Plains states, where it was often the earliest and tallest tree to grow at the time of Western settlement. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. ... At this height the trunk is supple and the branches can be bent over to bring the buds within easy picking range. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Although the flowers are inconspicuous,this species is well known for its fuzzy fruits, which during spring and early summer float down from the trees, creating the appearance of a light warm-season snowfall. They inhabit riparian areas, especially along streams. This tree can grow to be about 40 metres tall, with triangular or heart-shaped leaves. This home was built in 2006 and last sold on for. Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. Because of this intermixing, black cottonwood has been suggested as a subspecies (i.e., Populus balsamifera subsp. Medicines and perfumes were made from balsam in Europe, and it plays a role in Christian rituals. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 1.0 bath property. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Tree Size: 80-150 ft (25-45 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft3 (385 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .38, Modulus of Rupture: 8,500 lbf/in2 (58.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,270,000 lbf/in2 (8.76 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,500 lbf/in2 (31.0 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.6%, Tangential: 8.6%, Volumetric: 12.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.4. Black cottonwood series NVCS (2009) Populus balsamifera ssp. 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